How to Make a Home More Sustainable - Goals change; countertops fabricated from imported granite and showers lined with sprays that endlessly shoot water from head to toe are not any longer at the highest of all homeowners’ wish lists. Sustainable features are the newest trend to draw in buyers. Houses marketed with low-flow toilets and showerheads, multipane windows, electric charging stations, and kitchen countertops made up of locally quarried stone are what makes today’s home shoppers swoon.
According to the 2018 National Association of REALTORS® Sustainability Resource Guide, 61% of surveyed members said their clients have an interest in sustainability and need more of those features in their homes—and it’s not just millennials requesting them. Almost all ages group wants to save lots of money, pare energy and water consumption, and take away toxins from the air they breathe. “Reducing utility bills is usually the driving force , but many also want to try to to the proper thing,” says architect Tony Schmitz, sustainability director at Hoefer Wysocki, based in Leawood, Kan.
The good news is there are innumerable steps that homeowners can take, and therefore the cost to act sustainably could also be modest, adding an additional 5% to 10% to the acquisition price, says Prentis Hale, principal at SHED Architecture + Design in Seattle, which has long practiced sustainability. One important caveat to remind clients is that a return on investment might not be immediate, and it hinges on both the value to shop for and install a product or system and therefore the area’s climate.
Here are 10 tips land pros can use to advise their sustainable-conscious clients who are looking to get or update a home.
Size. Whether starting over or adding on, it’s essential to research needs and check out to travel smaller, says architect Duo Dickinson, author of Staying Put: Remodel Your House to urge the house you would like (The Taunton Press). “Size is controllable, unlike the weather. Smarter nearly always means smaller without sacrificing usefulness or delight,” he says. Hale encourages clients to stay homes under 2,500 square feet. a method to try to to so is by having small bedrooms, he says. Nick Rosen, who lives off the grid during a small house in Spain a part of the year, stresses the importance of not overutilizing land, too. “Land is both an asset and a liability since it requires maintenance. Choose strictly what you think that you'll need and no more,” he says.
Embodied energy. There’s growing recognition about the importance of the term embodied energy. Steffen Lehmann, dean of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas’ School of Architecture, defines it because the amount of energy consumed by all the processes related to the assembly of a building, from mining materials to processing natural resources, and therefore the manufacture, transport, and delivery of products. “It’s important for homeowners to ask builders and designers what they're going to do regarding this and the way they shall keep the embodied energy low,” he says. One strategy is to use only locally sourced and processed materials that don’t got to travel round the globe, he says. Another is to stay construction simple, so assembling components doesn’t require tons of energy. By buying from local suppliers, a home-owner is more likely to seek out someone who will return and fix something, Rosen says.
Insulation and heating. the primary step a home-owner should take before making changes to a house is to possess an energy audit conducted to measure the efficiency of the home’s systems, says architect Nathan Kipnis, founding father of Kipnis Architecture + Planning in Evanston, Ill. subsequent steps, supported the audit, would likely be to air seal the house by caulking gaps around windows, doors, and recessed lights. Poorly insulated windows should get replaced with multipane windows. Next up should be improving wall, attic, and basement insulation, supported the R value for the homeowner’s area, Kipnis says. Any home built before 1990 should have an updated heating and cooling system, says Schmitz. Kipnis likes a geothermal ground source heat or air source apparatus , both of which are electric and help to attenuate carbon from a building’s energy use. a decent range in a chilly climate also should have a heat recovery ventilator to usher in fresh air to stay the house healthy, Kipnis says. A programmable smart thermostat sort of a Nest is beneficial to save lots of more energy since it learns a homeowner’s patterns and lowers temperatures once they are away.
Landscaping and water use. because the cost of landscaping continues to rise, homeowners are more aware that sustainable choices will survive longer and need less water and maintenance, says author and landscape designer Michael Glassman, whose eponymous firm is predicated in Sacramento, Calif. Native plants, permeable pavers, and drip irrigation systems all pare water use, he says. Local codes must be considered, too. Seattle, as an example , updated its stormwater code in 2016 to need stormwater to be mitigated on a property instead of immediately discharged to the road or combined sewer, Hale says. Development size and site will dictate what can and must be done. “We frequently use strategies that include green roofs, bioretention planters or rain gardens, permeable pavers and concrete, and properly graded sites,” says Glassman, co-author of The Garden Bible (Images Publishing). Besides paring water use, landscaping with large shade trees can block sunlight and lessen the necessity for air con . Trees must be planted on the proper side of the house to figure , ideally the west, and much enough from homes in areas susceptible to fires, which some local codes now require, he says.
Solar panels. the large decrease in cost, along side the federal solar decrease , have made solar panels a cheaper option for several homeowners, says Kipnis. the present decrease at 30% of the system cost will end at the close of the 2019. It goes right down to 26% in 2020, 22% in 2021, and 10% credit in 2022 and beyond. The panels are often utilized in combination with A battery storage system to supply homeowners with how to store energy when the sun isn’t shining and to supply backup power. the value of battery storage is dropping significantly year over year as battery technology research is beginning to pay off commercially, Kipnis says. Some caveats with solar panels: First, efficiency keeps improving, so some may become obsolete shortly after installation. Second, not all buyers view them as a plus due to how they appear , says Schmitz. Clients preferring a nonsolar, traditional shingle roof—the least costly choice—should choose light-colored shingles that retain less heat, Lehmann says.